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Periodontal Disease

How Is Periodontal Disease Treated?

woman at the dentist

In today’s age of dentistry, there are a number of treatments that can be employed to stop the progression of periodontal disease and improve overall gum health. Some of the more traditional means for treating gum disease include deep scaling and root planing, which are designed to remove bacteria, tartar, and plaque located deep within the gums.

In addition to these techniques, Dr. Don Chiappetti and Dr. Jonathan Coombs offer laser gum treatment at Scottsdale Smile Center. This advanced approach enables our dentists to destroy harmful bacteria while encouraging the growth of new, healthy gum tissues. Key benefits of laser dentistry can include:

  • Little to no pain or discomfort
  • Quicker healing than other methods
  • Less gum swelling and bleeding
  • Minimal to no recovery period

Based on each patient’s unique needs, Dr. Coombs and Dr. Chiappetti can select and administer the form of treatment that will most effectively halt the progression of periodontal disease. If you or a loved one is experiencing signs of gum disease, we encourage you to contact our office today to schedule an appointment.

How Can I Prevent Gum Disease?

woman flossing

Periodontal disease – commonly referred to as gum disease – is a condition caused by an accumulation of detrimental bacteria and plaque in between the gums and teeth. The good news is, gum disease can often be successfully prevented (or sometimes reversed) when proper plaque control and oral hygiene habits are practiced.

First and foremost, brushing and flossing on a daily basis is essential to preventing the development of periodontal disease. Brushing with a dentist-approved toothbrush can help remove harmful plaque that has built up on easily accessible surfaces of the teeth. Flossing can detach plaque and food particles in hard to reach areas such as between the teeth and/or under the gumline. In addition to these methods, rinsing daily with antibacterial mouthwash can be an excellent way to further improve oral health. This product works to eliminate the bacteria responsible for plaque (and ultimately gum disease), effectively supplementing the efforts of a good brushing and flossing regimen.

It is important to note that no matter how often you brush, floss, or rinse with mouthwash, visiting the dentist is also vital to preventing periodontal disease. While at-home hygiene techniques are certainly helpful on their own, some plaque buildup can only be removed successfully by a dental care professional. For the majority of individuals, our dentists – Dr. Jonathan Coombs and Dr. Don Chiappetti – recommend scheduling a routine teeth cleaning at least twice a year to help maintain optimal oral health.

What Causes Gum Disease?

healthy vs non healty gums

Gum disease, which is also referred to as periodontal disease, is primarily caused by a buildup of harmful plaque and bacteria between the teeth and gums. That said, there are a number of factors that can be key contributors to the development of gum disease, including:

  • Bad dental hygiene – Failing to brush and floss on an everyday basis can make it easier for plaque and harmful bacteria to accumulate on the teeth. Even when these habits are followed, however, some plaque and bacteria may remain on the teeth, making it important to receive a routine dental cleaning at least twice a year.
  • Smoking – Smoking and/or the use of other tobacco products can diminish the gum tissue’s ability to repair itself.
  • Medication – Certain medications have side effects that can increase the possibility of developing gum disease. For instance, medications that may cause dry mouth tend to limit the production of saliva, which naturally serves as a protective barrier for the teeth.
  • Medical conditions – Particular illnesses and medical conditions can have a negative effect on the condition of the gums. Such illnesses include cancer, HIV, and even diabetes.
  • Hormonal changes – Puberty, pregnancy, and other periods of hormonal fluctuation can lead to sensitive gums, sometimes making it simpler for periodontal disease to develop.
  • Family history – In some cases, a history of gum (or other dental) disease can factor into the formation of periodontal disease.

No matter its cause, the earlier gum disease is identified, the better the opportunity there is for successful treatment. For this reason, our dentists – Dr. Don Chiappetti and Dr. Jonathan Coombs – recommend all individuals schedule a dental visit at least twice a year. Should any signs of periodontal disease be identified, all potential treatment options can be reviewed, and the most effective method can be employed before the condition has time to progress.